11. The ageing process – who does it affect?
Who does it affect?
Everyone will be affected by the ageing process regardless of their ethnicity, age, heritage, skin colour and genetics. Darker skin types as well as people of all ages, should still protect themselves from sun exposure.
Solutions for the ageing process;
Ideally the use of Vitamin A in conjunction with antioxidants in your regime, will encourage cell renewal and promote freshly generated skin cells and therefore improve the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles.
What is a free radical?
A free radical is simply an atom with one or more unpaired electrons in its outer orbit. Unpaired electrons cause radicals to be highly reactive and unstable. This free radical molecule is produced when we break down food substances or by environmental exposure such as smoking, pollution and UV radiation. A free radical essentially damages cells in the mitochondria (power house of the cell) which causes reactivity, trauma and destruction of lipids, proteins and mitochondria DNA contributing to the ageing process. This has an effect, converting a healthy molecule that has been attacked to become a free radical, starting a chain reaction. Unpaired electrons cause radicals to be highly reactive.
What is an antioxidant?
Antioxidants are molecules that can safely interact with free radicals and terminate the free radical cascade before vital molecules are damaged. Topical antioxidants such as Vitamin C and Vitamin A have been clinically proven to reduce the effects of free radicals. Essentially antioxidants act as electron donors, replacing those that are stolen by free radicals.
Free radicals are an unstable molecule because they have an uneven number of electrons on their outer orbit. A free radical can reek havoc which can essentially lead to accelerated ageing to the skin. Antioxidants such as Vitamin A and Vitamin C are molecules that can safely interact with free radicals. They donate electrons to stabilise the free radical.